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The Old Powburn Shop

Overview

This article provides a plausible account of some of the history surrounding the former ‘Powburn Shop’ in Powburn, Northumberland UK from 1841-1939. It is based on limited data and, as with any other research, it would need further investigations to confirm or refute the tentative hypotheses put forward. To this end, suggestions for further research are provided. Nevertheless, it is hoped that the reasoned narrative will be of interest to anyone fascinated by local history and the village of Powburn within the Breamish Valley.

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Ingram Village Hall Refurbishment 2010

[Credit: All images used with permission of the Ingram Village Hall Committee (2019)]

Background

INGRAM VILLAGE HALL was opened in 1928 to serve as a Church Hall and a local community facility. It is a registered charity, organized and managed by a volunteer committee whose aim is to maximize the use of the Hall for social, recreational and educational functions. Apart from a few improvements and repairs over the years the building remained in its original state until 2010, following the village’s selection to join British Gas Green Streets project.

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A history of Powburn

By John Taylor

Hedgeley Parish lies at the extreme southern edge of the great prehistoric Glendale lake. As the land forms changed and natural drainage took place, human life began to shape the landscape as we know it.

Powburn village probably owes its existence to its strategic position near a river crossing (usually a ford) which, in time, would be replaced by a bridge of sorts. The Roman Army certainly used it for a military road which was part of the network north of the Great Wall. The road began in this part of the world at Rochester, crossing through Alndale to the Bridge of Aln. It was excavated on farm land at Rothill and shown to cross east of Glanton, coming down the high Powburn road and, following that part of the current A697, to Percy’s Cross along the route of the Devil’s Causeway to Hortons, Lowick and Berwick.

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Master craftsmen at Hedgeley

An account given by Robbie Hall in 1980

My grandfather, Robert Hall was born at Brandon White House in 1813. In 1825 he was apprenticed to James Stewart (for six years) who was a shoemaker in Powburn. His indenture, which we still have in the family, is interesting in that it lays down rules for both Master and Apprentice:

“The Master shall teach the Apprentice all he knows of the art and business of shoe-making, and also shall find and supply sufficient meat, drink, washing, lodging and all other necessities during his apprenticeship. The Apprentice shall undertake to faithfully serve, his secrets keep, do his lawful demands gladly, shall not waste or lend his Master’s goods to anyone, shall not buy or sell without his Master’s leave and shall not enter Taverns, Inns or Ale Houses, and shall not play Cards, Dice or any other unlawful game…”

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A History of Crawley Tower

By MIKE SMITH (Sep 2013)

[Crawley Tower is at OS Grid Reference: NU0616]

The ancient name of Crawley was Caer-law, or Crawlawe, signifying the ‘fortified hill’. Appropriately, the most significant historic landmark remaining today at Crawley is Crawley Tower, a scheduled monument and a grade 2* listed building, consisting of a medieval Pele tower surrounded by fortified buildings, which stand on top of a steep hill immediately to the East of Powburn, positioned with fine views of the Cheviot Hills and the length of the Breamish Valley.

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